National Painting Collection

National Painting Collection counts over 3000 works. It represents a synthesis comprising more than a century of national painting reflecting its most important trends and features noticeable in the works made by Vladimir Okushko, Pavel Piscarev, Dumitru Sevastianov, Auguste Baillayre, Eugenia Maleshevschi, Valentina Rusu-Ciobanu, Mihai Grecu, Igor Vieru, Ada Zevin, Eleonora Romanescu, Mihail Petric, Glebus Sainciuc, Ion Jumati, Vasile Cojocaru, Elena Bontea, Olga Orlova, Sergiu Ciciuc, Dumitru Peicev, Andrei Sirbu etc.

Bessarabian art from the end of the 19th – first half of the 20th century remains until today little known and explored. It appeared at the end of the 19th century under the influence of itinerant exhibitions of Russian and Ukrainian painters and achieves its peak of evolution by the 30ies-40ies of the 20th century.

In a short period of time there appears in Chisinau the first School of Drawing (1887), School of Fine Arts (1919) and Society of Fine Arts (1921). Representatives of these societies, though living in different historical conditions in Europe or Russia, interpreted the universal stylistic phenomena in an original way.

All these distinctive peculiarities may be identified in the works of A. Baillayre, E. Maleshevski, A. Plamadeala, P. Shilingovschi, T. Kiriakoff etc.

The trends of “peredvijnik” art, impressionists, post-impressionists, Art Nouveau style that manifested themselves in Bassarabian art were influenced by different cultural centers: Saint Petersburg, Odessa, Paris, Munich, Amsterdam, Bucharest and Brussels. These artistic tendencies, though placed far away from their initial sources, coexisted simultaneously in Bassarabian arts interfering and overlapping each other even in the works of one and the same artist.

It has been insufficiently studied in the 50ies-70ies of the 20th century because it was considered by soviet authorities as formalist and “bourgeois” one. For almost 50 years it has been excluded from the cultural circulation of modern art goods.

In fact, this epoch served as a liaison between late medieval art and contemporary one. Its mediators A. Baillayre, L. Dubinovschi, T. Kiriakoff and others continued their work in the after war years that changed the priorities and requirements in accordance with the needs of the “realist socialism”.

After the occupation of the territory of Bassarabia in 1940 and 1944 the situation of the arts changed extremely. The realist art of Russian “peredvijniki” from the middle of the 19th century, the subjects and motifs dedicated to “new life”, collective farms, construction of communism were required from painters.

For the majority of the artists who made their studies in Bucharest or in Europe these impediments became a real drama. Many of them found their refuge abroad and those who remained tried to keep the same level of art in the new conditions.

On the same artistic positions remained authors like M. Grecu, V. Rusu Ciobanu, L. Dubinovschi, S. Ciokolov, A. Zevin though, at the beginning, they were imposed to comply with the “state order”. They were followed by representatives of the younger generation like I. Vieru, E. Romanescu, A. David, A. Sirbu, V. Bolboceanu whose works entered the real values of national art.

Baillayre August (1879-1961). Portretul sotiei, 1921 ulei, panza, 101 x 75cm
 
Baillayre August(1879-1961). Portretul fiicei, 1922 ulei, panza, 100 x 75cm
 
Baillayre August (1879-1961). Natura moarta cu pesti, 1927 ulei, panza, 94 x 57cm
 
Arionescu - Baillayre Lidia (1880-1923). Portret de femeie, 1904 ulei, panza, 48 x 40cm
 
Ocusco Vladimir (1862-1919). La arat, 1896, ulei, carton 23 x 33cm
 
Plamadeala Alexandru (1888-1940). Autoportret, 1918, ulei, panza, 34,5 x 27,3 cm
 
Malesevschi Eugenia (1868-1942). Autoportret, inc. sec. XX, ulei, panza, 49 x 34cm
 
Malesevschi Eugenia (1868-1942). Necunoscuta, inc. sec. XX ulei, panza, 170 x 73cm
 
Malesevschi Eugenia (1868-1942). Natura moarta, inc. sec. XX, ulei, panza, 50 x 70cm
 
Cogan Sneer (1875-1940). Portret de model, 1920 -1922, ulei, hartie, 50,2x 41,5cm
 
Piscariov Pavel (1875-1949). Nistru la Criuleni, 1896, ulei, panza, 49 x 34cm
 
Sevastianov Dimitrie(1908-1956). Autoportret, anii 1930, ulei, carton, 43 x 33cm
 
Sevastianov Dimitrie (1908-1956). Odalisce, 1936, ulei, panza, 50 x 62 cm.
 
Gamburd Moisei (1903-1956). Lichidarea analfabetismului, 1946, ulei, panza, 69 x 85cm
 
Climasevschi Alexandru (1878-1971). Primavara la Lipcani, 1951 ulei, panza 65 x 91cm
 
Grecu Mihai (1916-1998). O zi de toamna, 1964 ulei, panza, 116 x 197cm
 
Grecu Mihai (1916-1998). Cina in camp, 1971 ulei, panza, 120 x 130cm
 
Grecu Mihai (1916-1998). Flori, 1972 tehnica mixta, panza, 125 x 120cm
 
Zevin Ada (1918-2005). Gagauzoaica, 1972 ulei, panza, 72 x 61 cm
 
Zevin Ada (1918-2005). Omagiu lui Bach, 1973 tehnica mixta, panza 64,5 x 71 cm
 
Zevin Ada, (1918-2005). Casa albastra, 1983 ulei, panza, 63 x 60 cm
 
Rusu - Ciobanu Valentina (a.n. 1920). Fata la fereastra, 1954, ulei, panza, 60 x 50,5 cm
 
Rusu - Ciobanu Valentina (a.n. 1920). Invitatie la joc, 1957, ulei, panza, 115 x 240 cm
 
Vieru Igor (1923-1988). Moara veche la Cernoleuca, 1967, ulei, panza, 76 x 93,5 cm
 
Vieru Igor (1923-1988). Barbu Lautaru, 1970, ulei, panza, 121 x 92 cm
 
David Aurel (1935-1984). Culesul strugurilor, 1957, ulei, panza 100 x 150 cm
 
David Aurel (1935-1984). Amiaza, 1964, ulei, panza, 115 x 145 cm
 
Petric Mihail (1922-2005). Dimineata pe Nistru, 1957, ulei, panza 90x 160 cm
 
Petric Mihail (1922-2005). Drum spre Codru, 1959 ulei, panza, 70 x 193 cm
 
Sainciuc Glebus (1919) Festive table, 1960, oil, canvas, 225 x 230 cm
 
Jumati Ion, (1909-1997). Dimineata pe Nistru, 1957 ulei, panza, 130 x 300 cm
 
Grigoras Anatol (1919-2002). Natura moarta cu bostan, anii 1950, ulei, panza, 45 x 54 cm
 
Romanescu Eleonora (a.n. 1926). Zi cu arsita la Nistru, 1986 ulei, panza, 88 x 116 cm
 
Baranovici Ana (1906-2002). Amiaza, 1960, ulei, panza, 183 x 145 cm
 
Orlova Olga (a.n. 1932). Fata in galben, 1957 ulei, panza, 100 x 75 cm
 
Bontea Elena (a.n.1933). Buchet, 1989, ulei, panza, 59 x 69 cm
 
Peicev Dimitrie (a.n. 1943). Domnisoara cu palarie, 2000 ulei, texo 84 x 98 cm
 
Sarbu Andrei,(1950-2000). Fructe in camp, 1996 ulei, panza 65 x 65 cm
 
Pacea Ion (a.n. 1924). Compozitie, 1995 ulei, panza 58 x 70 cm
 
Salisteanu Ion (a.n. 1929). Alba bucurie a privirii, acril, panza 73 x 60 cm
 
Flondor Constantin (a.n. 1936). Veranda, 2007 ulei, panza 80 x 120 cm
 
Gherasim Marin (a.n. 1937). Tron, 1984 ulei, panza 89,5 x 89,5 cm
 
Boca Ilie, Palimpsest (a.n. 1936). 2003, ulei, texo 200 x 90 cm
 
Anghel Gheorghe (a.n. 1939). Melisa, 2006, tehnica mixta, panza, 89 x 188 cm
 

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